Hydrogen produced from carbon dioxide (CO2)-free electricity, often referred to as green hydrogen, indeed holds significant promise as a clean energy carrier with a wide range of applications across various industrial sectors. Here are some key points about green hydrogen’s potential and versatility

Clean Energy Carrier
Green hydrogen is produced through a process called electrolysis, where electricity generated from renewable sources like wind or solar power is used to split water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen. This process emits no greenhouse gases and produces pure hydrogen, making it a clean energy carrier.
Decarbonizing Industrial Sectors
Green hydrogen has the potential to play a crucial role in decarbonizing industries that are challenging to electrify directly. This includes steel production, where hydrogen can replace coal in the reduction of iron ore, reducing carbon emissions significantly.
Fertilizer Production
The chemical industry, particularly the production of ammonia-based fertilizers, relies on hydrogen as a feedstock. Using green hydrogen instead of hydrogen derived from fossil fuels can reduce the carbon footprint of fertilizer production.
Energy Storage
Hydrogen can store excess energy from intermittent renewable sources, such as wind and solar power, and release it when needed. This helps balance the grid and provides a solution to energy storage challenges.
Hydrogen can be used as a fuel for various transportation modes, including fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) for cars and trucks, as well as potentially in shipping and aviation.
Power Generation
Hydrogen can be burned in gas turbines or used in fuel cells to generate electricity when needed, providing flexibility to the energy system.